Physiological mechanisms of impact
— ultrasonic impact of the dolphin
— reflex therapy
— vibro-acoustic impact
Analysis of patient encephalograms before and after dolphin therapy have shown a large reduction of alpha wave activity and shown periods of synchronized hemispheric cerebral activity. A series of cerebral pre-conditions bring about an increased level of neurotransmitters (endorphins), which bolster the immune system and play an important role in the mechanics of memory, learning and dreaming. Additionally, these findings show an activation of abstract thinking and learning abilities. Also, endorphins render a soothing, sedative and analgesic effect.
Wide research has been done on the ultrasonic impact of dolphins. Ultrasound disperses stagnant fluids to allow more effective and faster drainage of tissues. According to D.Coll (1997) the dolphin is sonar emits ultrasonic waves with an intensity of 8.3 watts/square cm. Ultrasonic waves with this intensity produce cavitation and sonophoresis in cells and tissues. Cavitation is the formation of bubbles made of biological fluid and filled with gas. It is brought about by the penetrating acoustical waves which allow the emission of biologically active materials from cells, producing T-cells and releasing endorphins.
Sonophoresis is the increased the flow of enzymes and special hormones which penetrate cell membranes due to cavitation. Cavitation-induced sonophoresis can change the functioning potential of the postsynaptic membrane, which affects potassium-calcium ion exchange.
This release explains the «analgesic» effects of communicating with dolphins as resulting from hormonal build-up in the blood plasma of patients with spinal problems.
Brich (1997) confirms that the changes in EEG are caused by neuroelectrical and neurochemical processes. He supposes that low frequency electromagnetic vibrations radiating from dolphins induce electrophysiological and behavioral modifications. This raises the level of endorphins and concentration of ACTH molecules due to the dolphin is electromagnetic field, which has an effect on the pineal gland. Medical research has shown that administering a synthetic simulator of the ACTH molecule leads to a higher level of social interaction for autistic children. Another function of ACTH molecules is in the regeneration of nerves. The natural production of these molecules in combination with a increased level of endorphins during dolphin therapy courses can to lead to the development of cognitive and communicative abilities of the child.
When the dolphin emits ultrasonic vibrations and sounds in the audible range (200-20000 Hz), micro-vibrations penetrate tissues and leading to certain effects on different biological structures. Vibro-acoustic therapy not only increases blood and lymph flow, but also facilitates the transport of large biological molecules, red blood cells and immunocompetent cells from capillaries to interstitial tissue and from interstitial tissue to venous and lymphoid capillary tubes, providing an improved protective medium for cellular inhabitation while emitting various neurotransmitters from tissues into circulation. The more marked the blood-vascular problems in the pathological regions - the more effective the vibro-acoustic therapy.
Another effect of dolphin therapy is hydromassage for internal organs and skin integuments which happens by means of the turbulence from dolphin movement. In the dolphin is vicinity, multidirectional water currents are produced from the modulating tail fin of the animal.
There has been shown to be a reflex-therapeutic effect of dolphins on people. By tapping its nose on pressure points on the hands and legs of the child, the dolphin stimulates the reflex zone of the nervous system. Emerging impulses propagate to corresponding nerve centers. The nervous system, in turn, sends impulses to target the affected organ or organs, activating self-healing systems.
The water environment alleviates the burden of joints while simultaneously providing the optimal medium for training muscles suffering from trauma associated with motor function disorders.