Early childhood autism (ECA) and Asperger syndrome
Autism is a disorder and exceptionality for the whole life. Autism forms the type of personality focused on own anxieties and closed within narrow confines of a comfort zone. Outside that zone, the patient feels extremely uncomfortable.
At the moment, there are no efficient methods of treating childhood autism with medications. Special teaching according to an individual program is considered the main method of dealing with this disorder. The earlier a diagnosis is established and rehabilitation begins, the better chances are for the child’s maximum adaptation to life.
Animal-assisted therapy is successfully used to help develop motoric abilities and eliminate the sense of detachment and fear in autistic children. The latest studies prove that the dolphin therapy method has several exceptional advantages in treating autism.
Dolphins are very friendly and always attract attention. When used to treat autism, dolphin therapy helps enlarge the child’s comfort zone and rid him of many phobias. An individual program of game exercises with a dolphin teaches the child to communicate with the animal, expands the child’s horizons and helps orientation in space. During sessions with participation of a psychologist, a child will learn the right ways of controlling his body, gain skills in the sign language, and learn to be independent. It will help the child to establish constructive relationships and social contacts outside the dolphinarium.
Another significant feature of this particular type of animal-assisted therapy is production of endorphins in children during communication with dolphins. Endorphins help treat autism by stimulating cerebration, improving thinking and memorizing processes, boosting immunity. Overall, dolphin therapy sessions improve the child’s mood and general tonus.
Children with autism require careful development of social skills in them. Using individual educational programs, including dolphin therapy, a child becomes able to adapt to the world of regular people, stopping to be afraid and learning to interact with others.